First teenage males flung off phone system by
"Futurian" science-fiction group raided by Secret
Yippie phone phreaks start YIPL/TAP magazine.
*Ramparts* magazine seized in blue-box rip-off
Ward Christenson and Randy Suess create first
personal computer bulletin board system.
William Gibson coins term "cyberspace."
"414 Gang" raided.
AT&T dismantled in divestiture.
Congress passes Comprehensive Crime Control Act
giving USSS jurisdiction over credit card fraud and
"Legion of Doom" formed.
*2600: The Hacker Quarterly* founded.
*Whole Earth Software Catalog* published.
First police "sting" bulletin board systems
Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link computer conference
(WELL) goes on-line.
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act passed.
Electronic Communications Privacy Act passed.
Chicago prosecutors form Computer Fraud and
Abuse Task Force.
Secret Service covertly videotapes "SummerCon"
"Prophet" cracks BellSouth AIMSX computer
network and downloads E911 Document to his own
computer and to Jolnet.
AT&T Corporate Information Security
informed of Prophet's action.
Bellcore Security informed of Prophet's action.
Prophet uploads E911 Document to Knight
Knight Lightning publishes E911 Document
in *Phrack* electronic newsletter.
Chicago Task Force raids and arrests "Kyrie."
"NuPrometheus League" distributes Apple
Computer proprietary software.
Florida probation office crossed with phone-sex
line in switching-station stunt.
"Fry Guy" raided by USSS and Chicago Computer
Fraud and Abuse Task Force.
Secret Service raids "Prophet," "Leftist," and "Urvile"
Martin Luther King Day Crash strikes AT&T
long-distance network nationwide.
Chicago Task Force raids Knight Lightning
in St. Louis.
USSS and New York State Police raid "Phiber
Optik," "Acid Phreak," and "Scorpion" in New York City.
USSS raids "Terminus" in Maryland.
Chicago Task Force raids Richard Andrews' home.
Chicago Task Force raids Richard Andrews'
USSS arrests Terminus, Prophet, Leftist, and
Chicago Task Force arrests Knight Lightning.
AT&T Security shuts down public-access
"attctc" computer in Dallas.
Chicago Task Force raids Robert Izenberg in
Chicago Task Force raids Steve Jackson Games,
Inc., "Mentor," and "Erik Bloodaxe" in Austin.
USSS and Arizona Organized Crime and
Racketeering Bureau conduct "Operation Sundevil" raids
in Cincinnatti, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami, Newark,
Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Richmond, Tucson, San Diego, San
Jose, and San Francisco.
FBI interviews John Perry Barlow re NuPrometheus
Mitch Kapor and Barlow found Electronic Frontier
Foundation; Barlow publishes *Crime and Puzzlement* manifesto.
Trial of Knight Lightning.
CPSR Roundtable in Washington, D.C.
Computers, Freedom and Privacy
conference in San Francisco.
Electronic Frontier Foundation, Steve Jackson, and
others file suit against members of Chicago Task Force.
Switching station phone software crash affects
Washington, Los Angeles, Pittsburgh, San Francisco.
AT&T phone crash affects New York City
and three airports.
Literary Freeware: Not for Commercial Use
THE HACKER CRACKDOWN: Law and Disorder on the